**Code**
| **Source**
| **MOA** |

1 |
IRAC |
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors |

1 |
FRAC |
Methyl Benzimidazole Carbamates |

10 |
FRAC |
N-phenyl carbamates |

10 |
IRAC |
Mite growth inhibitors |

11 |
FRAC |
Quinone outside inhibitors |

11 |
IRAC |
Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes |

12 |
FRAC |
Phenylpyrroles |

12 |
IRAC |
Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase |

13 |
FRAC |
Azanaphthalenes |

13 |
IRAC |
Uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation via disruption of the proton gradient |

14 |
FRAC |
Aromatic hydrocarbons |

14 |
IRAC |
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channel blockers |

15 |
IRAC |
Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 0 |

16 |
IRAC |
Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 1 |

16.1 |
FRAC |
Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors reductase |

16.2 |
FRAC |
Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors dehydratase |

17 |
FRAC |
Hydroxyanilides Class III |

17 |
IRAC |
Moulting disruptor, dipteran |

18 |
FRAC |
Hydroxyanilides Class IV |

18 |
IRAC |
Ecdysone receptor agonists |

19 |
IRAC |
Octopamine receptor agonists |

19 |
FRAC |
Polyoxins |

2 |
FRAC |
Dicarboximides |

2 |
IRAC |
GABA channel antagonists |

20 |
IRAC |
Mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitors |

20 |
FRAC |
Phenylureas |

21 |
IRAC |
Mitochondrial complex I electron transport inhibitors |

21 |
FRAC |
Quinone inside inhibitors |

22 |
IRAC |
Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers |

22 |
FRAC |
Benzamides (toluamides) |

23 |
IRAC |
Inhibitors of acetyl CoA carboxylase |

23 |
FRAC |
Enopyranuronic acid antibiotic |

24 |
IRAC |
Mitochondrial complex IV electron transport inhibitors |

24 |
FRAC |
Hexopyranosyl antibiotic |

25 |
IRAC |
Mitochondrial complex II electron transport inhibitors |

25 |
FRAC |
Glucopyranosyl antibiotic |

26 |
FRAC |
Glucopyranosyl antibiotic |

27 |
FRAC |
Cyanoacetamideoxime |

28 |
IRAC |
Ryanodine receptor modulators |

28 |
FRAC |
Carbamates |

29 |
FRAC |
(uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation) |

3 |
IRAC |
Sodium channel modulators |

3 |
FRAC |
Demethylation inhibitors |

30 |
FRAC |
Organo tin Compounds |

31 |
FRAC |
Carboxylic acids |

32 |
FRAC |
Heteroaromatics |

33 |
FRAC |
Phosphonates |

34 |
FRAC |
Phthalamic acids |

35 |
FRAC |
Benzotriazines |

37 |
FRAC |
Pyridazinones |

38 |
FRAC |
Thiophenecarboxamides |

39 |
FRAC |
Pyrimidinamines |

4 |
FRAC |
Phenylamides |

4 |
IRAC |
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists |

40 |
FRAC |
Carboxylic acid amides |

41 |
FRAC |
Tetracycline antibiotic |

42 |
FRAC |
Thiocarbamate |

43 |
FRAC |
Benzamides (pyridinylmethylbenzamides) |

44 |
FRAC |
Microbial |

45 |
FRAC |
Quinone x inhibitor |

5 |
IRAC |
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators |

5 |
FRAC |
Morpholines |

6 |
FRAC |
phosphorothiolates/dithiolanes |

6 |
IRAC |
Chloride channel activators |

7 |
IRAC |
Juvenile hormone mimics |

7 |
FRAC |
Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors |

8 |
IRAC |
Misc non-specific inhibitors |

8 |
FRAC |
Hydroxy-(2-amino-)pyrimidines |

9 |
FRAC |
Anilinopyrimidines |

9 |
IRAC |
Selective homopteran feeding blockers |

A |
HRAC |
ACCase inhibitors |

B |
HRAC |
ALS inhibitors |

C1 |
HRAC |
Photosystem II inhibitors |

C2 |
HRAC |
Ureas and amides |

C3 |
HRAC |
Nitriles and others |

D |
HRAC |
Bipyridiliums |

E |
HRAC |
PPO inhibitors |

F1 |
HRAC |
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors |

F2 |
HRAC |
4-HPPD inhibitors |

F3 |
HRAC |
Triazoles, ureas, isoxazolidiones |

G |
HRAC |
Glycines |

H |
HRAC |
Gluatamine synthase inhibitors |

I |
HRAC |
DHP synthase inhibitors |

K1 |
HRAC |
Dinitroanilines and others |

K2 |
HRAC |
Mitosis inhibitors |

K3 |
HRAC |
Chloracetamides and others |

L |
HRAC |
Cellulose inhibitors |

M |
HRAC |
Uncouplers |

M1 |
FRAC |
Inorganic |

M2 |
FRAC |
Inorganic |

M3 |
FRAC |
Dithiocarbamates and relatives |

M4 |
FRAC |
Phthalimides |

M5 |
FRAC |
Chloronitriles - phthalonitriles |

M6 |
FRAC |
Sulfamides |

M7 |
FRAC |
Guanidines |

M8 |
FRAC |
Triazines |

M9 |
FRAC |
Quinones - anthraquinones |

N |
HRAC |
Thiocarbamates and others |

NC |
FRAC |
Resistance not known |

O |
HRAC |
Synthetic auxins |

P |
HRAC |
Auxin Transport inhibitors |

P |
FRAC |
host plant defense induction |

U12 |
FRAC |
Guanadines |

U13 |
FRAC |
Thaiazolidine |

U5 |
FRAC |
Thazole carboxamide |

U6 |
FRAC |
Phenylacetamide |

U8 |
FRAC |
Aryl-phenylketone |

un |
IRAC |
Compounds of unknown or uncertain MOA |

Z |
HRAC |
Arylaminopropionic acids |

Z |
HRAC |
Organoarsenicals |

Z |
HRAC |
Pyrazoliums |

Z |
HRAC |
Unknown |